What is liquefied petroleum gas ?

LPG is a blanket term for two types of natural gas (Propane and Butane) and is a natural by-product of gas and oil extraction (66%) and oil refining (34%)

LPG (or liquefied petroleum gas) is a versatile fuel commonly used in Australian homes and businesses

Home appliances can run on either natural gas or LPG so it’s important to know the difference between the two

LPG is produced during oil refining or is extracted during the natural gas production process. If you release LPG, gas is emitted. In order to transport it, LPG needs to be placed under modest pressure to form a liquid. It can then be stored and transported in LPG cylinders

Natural gas is extracted from deep within the earth and can contain ethane, propane, butane and pentane. Australian homes typically have hot water, appliances and heating fuelled by natural gas, which is delivered in pipelines

At Origin, we explore and produce gas products to help meet energy needs both in the home and as a reliable energy source for businesses

Why use LPG ?

LPG has a high heating or caloric value which means that as an energy source, LPG provides a high level of heat in a short lifetime. LPG also has a virtual absence of sulphur, leading to cleaner burning. Usually sold in gas cylinders, LPG is a convenient, portable energy source that is easy to transport and store

What’s the difference between propane and butane ?

? So you’ve been told that both propane and butane are different forms of LPG gas, but what does that mean

Propane has a boiling temperature of -42°C, whilst butane has a higher boiling point at -2°C. As propane functions well in lower temperatures, it is usually used for outdoor use. Conversely, butane is typically used indoors due to its higher boiling point. Butane is perfect for any of your portable gas heaters and single-burner cooking appliances.  Also, butane produces more energy per cubic metre than propane

Propane is the favoured choice for commercial use; particularly for operating tools, ovens or forklift trucks, for example. It’s also well suited for providing heat and cooking fuel for caravans, or even powering a patio heater

Is LPG a dangerous and unsafe fuel ?

Many officials in Iran refer to this fuel as an unsafe and dangerous fuel. But if the standards related to the tank and its refueling are observed, according to the research that has been done in this field, this fuel can be safer than gasoline and diesel

: There are three main factors involved in LPG safety

Tank pressure
Explosion and flammability limits
Safe dual combustion in factories or in standard workshops

How is LPG Stored?

LPG is stored in pressure vessels. As such, it is almost always stored in its liquid form.

These can range from small camping cannisters to BBQ gas bottles to larger gas cylinders and much larger LPG tanks or bullets.

LPG fuel storage depots may consist of very large storage spheres, known as Horton Spheres.

LPG can also be stored underground in specially built or prepared caverns

LPG is Refined from Oil & Natural Gas

LPG is produced during natural gas processing and petroleum refining.

Propane does not occur naturally in isolation.

LPG processing involves separation and collection of the gas from its petroleum base.

LPG is isolated from the hydrocarbon mixtures by separation from natural gas or by the refining of crude oil.

Both processes begin by drilling oil wells.

The gas/oil mixture is piped out of the well and into a gas trap, which separates the stream into crude oil and “wet” gas, which contains LPG and natural gas.

The heavier crude oil sinks to the bottom of the trap and is then pumped into an oil storage tank for refining.

Crude oil undergoes a variety of refining processes, including catalytic cracking, crude distillation, and others.

One of the refined products is LPG

What is LPG Used For?

LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is used in your home, including cooking, heating, hot water, autogas, aerosol propellant, air conditioning refrigerant and back-up generator applications. LPG used in your home is typically supplied in 45kg LPG gas bottles.

LPG – Liquefied Petroleum Gas – has hundreds, if not thousands, of LPG uses including hot air balloons

It is used in leisure time activities including caravans, boats, recreational vehicles and camping.

Business and industry use LPG fuel for a multitude of processes including steam boilers, kilns, ovens and LPG forklifts.

LPG products are also employed as a propellant, refrigerant, vehicle fuel and petrochemical feedstock.

Crop and produce drying, heating greenhouses, hot water for dairies, irrigation pumps and heating animal enclosures are just some of the agricultural applications for LPG.

LPG fuel for transport is also a big user of LPG (Autogas).

LPG products can be either as propane or propane mixed with butane, to fuel various vehicle types.

There are also many, many more LPG applications, including power generation and the hospitality industry

LPG status in terms of environmental pollution

In refinery products, sulfur remains with heavy materials, and because liquefied petroleum gas is one of the light products leaving the distillery of refineries, the amount of sulfur in it is much less than gasoline and diesel, and of course this small amount in separate units called refinery units. It is completely separable. So if we use this fuel as an alternative fuel in cars, we can also solve many pollution problems in metropolises. Maybe that’s why LPG is known in Europe as clean fuel. The UK has made extensive use of LPG in its bus fleet, and the United States has recently switched to replacing school bus fuel with diesel to LPG. The emissions of SO2 and CO from liquefied petroleum gas are about 40 to 60 percent lower than those of gasoline. Pollutants (PM) and produced by burning liquefied petroleum gas are reduced by 52% and 21%, respectively, compared to gasoline. The amount produced also decreases by 21% compared to diesel

Whereas integration and coordination in responding to the needs of domestic and international applicants is one of the important principles of Kian Group in order to achieve the satisfaction of applicants; You can send us a request to purchase your desired products through the following communication channels :

Iran Office : 00983535227500 – 00989120525658

Turkey Office : 00905387445869

email : Info@kiangroup.net

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