Hydrocarbons contain various organic compounds that are mainly made up of H and C. In these molecules, the hydrogen-carbon bond is a covalent bond. (No ion link)

Sulfur (S), nitrogen (N) and oxygen (O) atoms are usually substituted for carbon in hydrocarbons. The higher the amount of sulfur in the hydrocarbon compounds, the more it changes the physical behavior and causes a corrosive state. Compounds become heavier and oil refining becomes more difficult. The fewer substituents in the hydrocarbons, the lighter and purer the crude oil.

Light hydrocarbon

We see and deal with many of the materials and objects in the environment, they are products that are generally of laboratory origin and before being marketed in the form of various products by researchers and scientists with complex scientific names that represent their constituent elements. Be introduced. But after mass production and marketing, a simpler name that is understandable to the general public is put on the products.

Light hydrocarbon is also one of these products and it is a substance that we deal with every day, but due to the lack of popularity of this name, hearing this name, one of the rare petroleum and chemical derivatives comes to mind, but this While one of the effects of light hydrocarbons is the same gasoline consumption that we deal with every day.

Light hydrocarbon compounds

Many chemical derivatives and fuels are made from crude oil. Sometimes these materials contain a higher percentage of a particular product, specific weight, viscosity and density, which are different in subsequent samples or output of other oil wells. Light hydrocarbons are also obtained by combining flammable materials such as light oil or gaseous liquids and butyl acetate with octane close to gasoline.

As a result, when refined in a refinery, these materials are subdivided into different subtypes that contain hydrocarbons C5 to C12, or in other words, alkane, alkane and silo-alkane groups together with octane, and are known as light hydrocarbons or gasoline. . A special example of gasoline with crude oil distillation that has light hydrocarbons with 5 to 8 carbon atoms per molecule is ready for consumption in engines with low octane rates.

Light hydrocarbon analysis

Production of light hydrocarbon from heavy hydrocarbon

Since most of the country’s extracted oil is heavy and has low economic value, converting heavy hydrocarbon compounds to light is very important. Heavy hydrocarbons have both transportation problems due to high viscosity, high density and و and low economic value due to the difficulty of processing and use in energy production processes. These heavy products are used in low-value sectors such as bitumen and wax production, but will have high value if processed and broken large hydrocarbon chains into lighter products.

Kian Group International Company is the largest supplier and exporter of petroleum products in Turkey, which with the cooperation of its representative in Iran, Kian Petroleum Company, is able to supply various oil, mineral and steel products directly from the doors of Iranian factories.

Methods of production of light hydrocarbons

Light hydrocarbons are made from heavy petroleum compounds using chemical methods combined with catalysts and high temperatures, which has increased the cost of producing lighter products.

Alternative methods that reduce energy consumption during the production process of lighter petroleum compounds are more economically valuable than heavier compounds. For this purpose, the cold plasma method has an effective role in breaking down heavy petroleum compounds and converting them into light and valuable hydrocarbons. Plasma, due to its inherent nature of an ionized environment with a high energy level, can be a very suitable option for use in chemical processes to convert heavy petroleum compounds to light hydrocarbons. An ionized environment with high ions that initiates many chemical reactions, including the breaking down of petroleum compounds, is a good alternative to the common refining process methods used in most of the world’s major refineries.

The influence of important parameters in determining the quality of hydrocarbon products

Introduction of hydrocarbon blending method

This system is for mixing and mixing two or more light and heavy hydrocarbons.

In Iran, most manufacturers seek to produce products similar to refinery diesel in this way, which can be sold in the markets of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq instead of the main diesel of state-owned refineries, because diesel from state-owned refineries is subsidized and exported privately. Cholera is prohibited at domestic prices, and therefore these factories can find a suitable and similar formulation and lower cost price to sell their product and in a simple and completely legal way to benefit from exports.

It is certain that the hydrocarbons obtained from this process are lower in quality than diesel, but due to the very close similarity of physical properties such as density and flash points and color and transparency and most importantly lower cost. For global prices, diesel can easily be sold in neighboring countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq.

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